Mozambique Information

Geography

Located on Africa’s southeastern coastline, spanning 2470km in length. Tanzania to the north; Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe to the west; South Africa and Swaziland to the south; separating Madagascar to the east by The Mozambican Channel.

The Zambezi River divides the country into distinct northern and southern halves. The north is more mountainous; where as the southern parts of the country have more mashes and coastal lowlands.

There are many small offshore islands along the coastline. These include the Bazaruto and Quirimbas archipelago’s, and other significant islands (Ilha de Moçambique) and Inhaca Island to name but a few.

Capital city is Maputo, in the south of the country.

Weather

Daily temperatures are around mid 20’s˚C, but the hottest times of the year are normally October to February each year, where temperatures in some parts can reach the early 40’s˚C.

Precipitation mainly occurs during the months of November to February, and almost none in the dry seasons between April and October.

Generally:

April-November – dry weather, cooler temperatures, many fires due to dry bush

December-March – rainy season, hot and humid conditions, lush green bush

Health and Safety

Most of Mozambique is considered a malaria area, and it is strongly advised that you consult your GP on prophylaxis prior to departure. If you are planning to dive while you are in Mozambique, please consult your lodge, as certain malaria medications are not conducive to diving.

It is recommended that when travelling in Africa, adequate travel and health insurance cover is taken from your country of origin.

Languages

Portuguese is still the official language.

Currency

Mozambique Meticais is the official currency, but USD ($) are also widely accepted.

Visas

Required by all visitors except citizens of South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mauritius and Zimbabwe. If you have an embassy or consulate in your country of origin, you are obliged to attain these prior to arrival.

History

Mozambique was originally inhabited by the San hunters and gathers, and later joined by the farmers of Bantu-speaking people from the north. Vasco da Gama reached the coast of Mozambique in 1498 on his way to Portugal, when it was believed that Arab trading settlements had existed for several centuries prior.

Post WWII, Portugal issued a decree officially naming Mozambique, whereby many Portuguese emigrated. The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) was formed by the anti-colonial, which initiated it’s first campaign in 1964, joining Angola and Portuguese Guinea in the Portuguese Colonial War.

Mozambique gained it’s independence on June 25 1975, and FRELIMO took control. Also in 1975, RENAMO (Mozambique National Resistance) was formed, and this resulted in a civil war, that lasted 15 years (1977-1992). The first direct talks between the two conflicting parties were only in 1990, where a new constitution was adopted. The Peace accord was signed on October 15, 1992.The first democratic elections were held in 1994.

RENAMO announced it was abandoning the 1992 Peace accord on the 21 October 2013. A new ceasefire was signed in August 2014. The last elections were on 15 October 2014, where FRELIMO, once again, took the majority. Filipe Nyusi was elected president.